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Adverbs

Page history last edited by Franz Sledge 12 years, 2 months ago

Adverbs can be divided into two classes, primary and derivative.

 

The derivative adverbs are made by adding the suffix -mente to adjectives. In the process of adding -mente the final vowel of the adjective may change, or the vowel -a- may be inserted if the adjective ends with a consonant.

 

rápido, rápidamente

rapid, rapidly

 

spesial, spesialmente

special, specially

 

dirèkt, direktamente

direct, directly

  

Primary adverbs are not derived from adjectives or other types of words. Here are a few examples.

 

awor : now

nunka : never

pronto : soon

semper : always

ya : already

 

Comparison

 

Adverbs, like adjectives, have a comparative form made with mas and superlative form made with di mas.

 

lihé, mas lihé, di mas lihé

fast, faster, fastest

 

E ta kuri lihé.

He runs fast.

 

Pedro ta kuri mas lihé ku mi.

Pedro runs faster than I.

 

E ta kuri di mas lihé ku tur.

He runs the fastest of all / he runs faster than all.

 

NOTE: Some speakers use the variant kore instead of kuri for "to run."

 

 


 

References:

 

Blankenburg, Eleanor Basic Papiamentu Grammar for English Speakers 1986

Goilo, E.R. Papaimentu Textbook, ninth edition 1994

Ratzlaff, Betty English-Papiamentu Bilingual Dictionary, first edition 1992

  

  

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